SNMP Monitoring Tools Make Network Monitoring Easier
An SNMP Monitoring Tool can be taken to mean two things:
- A device that mediates monitoring data to SNMP (Agent)
- A device that monitors SNMP Traps/incoming SNMP Data (Manager)
However, both items worth in concert to streamline network monitoring data flow, and provide detailed explanations for alarms when they occur, so you don't have to hunt through alarm points to figure out what problem you really have when you receive an alarm.
In standard monitoring systems, for a master station to keep up-to-date monitoring information, it must poll its agent devices, sending a request for information. These devices then respond, whether there have been any serious network developments or not. As networks grew, however, this call-response approach to network management resulted in large amounts of unnecessary network traffic.
SNMP monitoring tools send and receive SNMP Traps to eliminate this frivolous network traffic.
An SNMP monitoring tool at your site registers alarms for your equipment and environmental data at your site. When an alarm sets, the agent device will not wait to be polled by the master station to send notification for the alarm, but rather will send an unsolicited notification of the alarm to your SNMP Master station. This is referred to as a trap.
An SNMP Monitoring tool that receives and interprets SNMP Traps is referred to as a master station. When a trap is sent from the agent device, the master station receives it and uses a MIB (management information base) file to decode the incoming OiD (object identifier) message. Many devices come with MIBs that you can load into your master, but some may require you to compile your own MIB.
The branch of the MIB object Identifier tree
Working with SNMP Monitoring Tools
Reducing network traffic and the number of nuisance alarm updates makes monitoring your network easier and more responsive. However, some of your on-site telecom devices and other equipment may not support SNMP. To mediate to SNMP and provide better alarm coverage at your site, you may wish to install an SNMP capable remote telemetry unit (RTU). The better SNMP Monitoring remotes will collect all of your on-site alarms and forward them as SNMP traps to your SNMP master station.
An SNMP capable RTU (or "agent") forwarding traps for many different types of alarms to an SNMP capable master, eliminating frivolous network traffic.
RTUs like the NetGuardian series from DPS Telecom, for example, may have as many as 64 discrete points, 8 analogs, and 8 control relays per unit, providing a massive amount of coverage at your sites. They can also forward alarms to multiple SNMP managers, so when an alarm sets, you can be sure that the right technicians know about it.
Of course, all the agent device has to do is send the trap. Your master station has to be able to decode the trap and display the alarms sent from agent devices in a meaningful way. This is what makes an SNMP Manager a truly valuable SNMP monitoring tool.
Your standard, off-the-shelf SNMP manager won't determine the difference between an alarm set and an alarm clear Trap, which can result in a number of nuisance alarms. If you're acting on alarms that have already been cleared, you're wasting time and effort when you probably have other problems to solve. An alarm master that recognizes both set and clear messages (and agent devices capable of sending the according change-of-state messages) is essential to providing accurate network alarm data.
A strong SNMP master station should also provide detailed and precise alarm descriptions. While your SNMP monitoring tool on the scene actually sends the trap, and the best ones will include time, severity, location, and a description of the point, it can be extremely helpful if your SNMP manager can associate that trap with more information from an internally databased point. Your SNMP master should allow you to provide accurate descriptions for alarms, trouble logs, and text messages explaining how to resolve alarms, and it should associate this information with an incoming trap associated with any given point. This way, when you receive an alarm, your technicians won't have any questions: they'll know what the problem is and they'll know how to fix it, saving precious response time.
Your better SNMP Managers can also organize incoming alarms logically, by severity, location, type, and other such data, so you can manage your network and organize your response to alarms as you see fit. Managers that don't allow you to organize alarms (either arranging by date/time received, or by severity) can cause you to cross up your efforts, dispatching technicians inefficiently.
While an SNMP manager is an effective SNMP Monitoring Tool because it is both simple and weeds-out unnecessary traffic and data in your network management systems, it must be able to support protocols currently in use in your network. Though you may be interested in migrating to an increasingly SNMP-based management network, it is important to ensure that you don't lose visibility on any aspects of your network.
T/Mon, for example, the network management platform from DPS Telecom, is specifically designed to poll devices under just about any protocol, legacy, proprietary, or otherwise, and mediate them to SNMP. This ensures that you're both ready to switch to SNMP, but not liable to lose visibility on critical equipment. As an alarm master, T/Mon can also forward SNMP traps to a higher-level SNMP manager, providing an extra layer of organization to your network, allowing you to convert entirely to SNMP at your top-level master. These capabilities make T/Mon a great top-level manager or a regional manager that can help you organize various protocols in use in your network and mediate them to SNMP.
T/Mon can receive SNMP Traps and poll legacy/proprietary devices to bring all of your network monitoring on to one platform. It can then forward SNMP traps to a higher level master.
SNMP Monitoring Tools can provide a powerful means to increase the efficiency of network monitoring and reduce your response time when you truly have a problem. The trick is in getting the right SNMP Monitoring Tools that'll provide the information you keep your network under control.
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